Volgograd played a rather significant role in the history and development of the country. Now it is a beautiful metropolis with a million population. For its existence, the city changed its name several times.
From the history.
The first mention occurs at the end of the 16th century, although, according to the researchers, the settlement existed far before this time. The original name of the city is Tsaritsyn, it was on the site of the foundation that the need arose to protect the waterway, according to which merchants carried jewels and goods. At that time, nomadic raids were commonplace. At the heart of the guard were the archers, who raised the whole army on the signal of alarm.
So the history has disposed of, but Tsaritsyn for centuries was a haven of runaway bandits, people’s leaders. Organized Cossack self-government and fugitive Stepan Razin in 1680, in 1708 Ivan Pavlov and Ignat Nekrasov captured the city after the siege, and in 1774 the city stood up to the pressure of Emelian Pugachev and his troops.
The name Stalingrad was given to the city in 1925, and later it was renamed to Volgograd.
Beautiful gardens and public gardens hide former glory, and Mamayev Kurgan became a great landmark of the city.
The fact that Volgograd stands on the bank of the Volga, determines its geographical position and attitude to the climate zone, because it stretched for 60 km on the right bank of the great Russian river, located on the Volga Upland, covering an area of 859.353 square kilometers. Part of the city is in the lowland, the other goes into the gentle hills of 120 meters high, Mamayev Kurgan rises 102 meters above the city. Interestingly, but the fact is, in Volgograd itself, several small rivers flow into the Volga. An interesting sight, is not it?
The climate of Volgograd refers to the temperate continental. As well as everywhere, four seasons are observed. It is characterized by a warm winter, which quite often raises the level of the thermometer not at the winter temperature. Spring is a little shorter, so the summer is hot and long, which pleases gardeners: cherries and plums ripen here much earlier, almost like in the south. In the history of climatic manifestations in Volgograd, the maximum winter (-33 ) and summer (+ 42 ) temperatures were recorded. Of course, this was in the last century, but who knows what surprises the weather will bring to us this year.
Ecology of the city.
If we talk about the ecology of Volgograd, then it does not differ much from any other Russian modern city. It is widely developed machine building, metallurgy, fuel industry and other industries, because it’s not for nothing that Volgograd is considered one of the largest industrial centers in Russia. But in a city always pure air, it is reached by green decoration of streets. All plantations are artificial, because for this zone steppes are typical, and bushes are most often found. Plantations have to be watered constantly. Quiet green alleys, recreation parks give residents of Volgograd oxygen. Freshness and small steppe rivers are born, looking forward to merging with the great river. The issues of ecology are solved everywhere, and therefore it gives a tangible result. The city on the Volga is relatively clean.
The population of Volgograd is multinational, who can not be found here! A total of about 120 representatives of the nations live. In this regard, there are different religions, cultures and multilingualism. A large percentage of the population is Russian. Already 90%! Even the Koreans, they make up 0.3% of the city’s population, are permanent residents. Recently, more than a million people live in Volgograd, but this status may be lost, because there is a demographic decline and outflow of the indigenous population. Representatives from the republics of Central Asia and the Caucasus come to the region for permanent residence.
Economy of the city.
In Volgograd, mainly heavy industry is developed. These are metallurgical enterprises, chemical plants, electric and thermal power plants, Volzhskaya HPP is the largest in Russia in the European part. Speaking the language of geography, there are huge deposits of minerals, which spodvigli to the construction of large industrial enterprises.
In Volgograd with such an abundance of industrial production there should be no unemployment. If you want, you can always find yourself an application. In addition to factories and other enterprises, a huge number of people are involved in other areas: services, trade, health care and education. But there is always a deficit of workers with technical education, which are not required by processing enterprises.
If we talk about crime, then the popular saying that there is in any city places where even in the day without weapons it is better not to go: a head will be unscrewed. So in Volgograd. The most criminal is Traktorozavodsky district, the removal from the central street is fraught with a blow from the brass knuckle between the eyes. In the Voroshilovsky region, gypsies and grass, in the Kirov region, homeless dogs. Cautiousness and again accuracy in acquaintances and supplies.
For the development of tourism in Volgograd there are all prerequisites, its rich history has created many memorable sights. Cinemas, museums, cafes and restaurants will not leave anyone indifferent. One regal view of the Volga is worth it! The main attraction of Volgograd is Mamayev Kurgan. His greatness and gracefulness is remembered for a long time. The height of the monument is 85 meters, this is the highest statue in the world.
Unforgettable visit to the restaurant “Caucasian Captive”. In this quiet place it is pleasant to spend time, communicating with old acquaintances, and it is possible and to get a long-term new acquaintance.
There are many nightclubs and bars in the city of Amsterdam, Mojo, Piranha, Velvet and others. Here is the best music, nice DJs and mesmerizing design of the rooms.
Real estate of the city.
Volgograd to date, absorbed all the current trends. There are almost no buildings that were erected until the 40s of the 20th century. After all, during the war the city was destroyed to the ground. All structures are modern and arranged for life at the present time. Volgograd continues to be built. The buildings are being built very quickly, because the need for housing is growing, the infrastructure of the city is expanding. Particularly in demand housing in Dzerzhinsky, Tractor areas and Spartanovsk. The most expensive housing in Volgograd in the Central region, and in the Spartan neighborhood, a small one-story house of 60 square meters will cost from 3 to 5 million rubles.