The standard of living in Mexico.
For those who have seen Mexico only in TV series or westerns, this country is either a paradise where the rich are “crying” or slums, where a criminal with a big gun is hiding behind every corner. But the cinema does not, unfortunately, give a real idea of the level of life in this overseas country. Economic indicators can help to make a more accurate presentation.
According to the rating of 2016, compiled on the basis of the previous year, Mexico occupies a position at the end of the sixth decade – the fifty-ninth – between Belarus (58) and Sri Lanka (60). This is explained by the fact that although the Latin American country is already 11-12th in the world in terms of GDP, but it lags far behind per capita income, stuck at 65-68 positions in the world ranking. But these figures do not provide exhaustive information about what the daily life of Mexicans is.
A country with a rich history.
To understand many of the realities of modern Mexico, you need at least in general terms to imagine its history. The first Europeans, who reached the shores of the New World at the beginning of the 16th century, found on the shores of the Gulf of Mexico a well-developed civilization of the Aztecs, heirs of even more ancient peoples.
But since the Spaniards were not interested in the history of ethnography, they had to conquer the aborigines to create a colony of New Spain and almost completely destroy them. And those who survived, began to multiply the wealth of the metropolis, mining gold and silver.
The whole further history of the country, until the beginning of the last century, represents an almost continuous series of military conflicts, as a result of which Mexico, then acquired, then lost parts of the territory, sometimes very significant, such as Texas. But the twentieth century did not bring peace to the country, as evidenced by several economic crises. The glory of the unstable region was accompanied by Mexico until 2000.
And no less rich in geography.
What attracts life in Mexico, if it is not a leader in terms of living standards? One of the reasons why Latin America attracts Europeans, especially from the northern regions, is in a warm tropical or subtropical climate. Even on winter nights, the air temperature does not drop below 17-19 degrees. The Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean, washing the coast of the country, warm up to 25-29 degrees. Therefore, many decide to go live in Mexico for permanent residence.
It is climatic conditions, as well as the presence of fairly extensive flat areas, made Mexico suitable for agriculture, which until recently was the basis of the region’s economy. But not plantations of tropical fruits gave impetus to the development of the country.
The main source of income is the development of minerals. Most of them are oil and fluorite. The export of industrial products still lags far behind.
The third source of economic prosperity in Mexico is tourism. If residents of Canada and the United States have long been chosen to rest the beaches of Acapulco and Cancun, then tourists from more remote corners of the world only discover the real Mexico. And this is not only beaches, but lost in the jungles of the city and the Aztec pyramids, national parks and reserves, monuments of architecture of different styles. An important advantage is that the electronic visa to Mexico in 2017 can be obtained independently, it works if you enter the country through airport buildings.
Nuevo Vallarta & # 8212; the famous beach in Mexico.
Cities and their inhabitants.
Perhaps the main thing that all those who visited the country for the first time note is the huge contrast between the richest and poorest areas within a single settlement. According to official figures, about 12% of the Mexican population has a level of income below the poverty line. In fact, the number of people whose welfare can not be called even average, is much larger.
Therefore, one of the negative features of life in Mexico is the high level of crime. The capital of the country Mexico City is among the top ten countries for this not the most pleasant indicator. Because of this, tourists are advised not to carry large sums of cash, leaving the hotels, and also not to “shine” expensive cameras, tablets and telephones. Pocket theft and robberies on the streets are quite common.
However, in the central parts of large cities, primarily the capital, the situation is not as sad as it might seem at first glance. The same applies to the main tourist areas. A large number of policemen is a familiar detail of city life. All of them are armed, and many hide their faces behind black armbands. This makes them look kind of dumb frightening, nevertheless the guards of the order do their job well – securing order.
Another typical for the Mexican cities, not excluding the capital, a feature is the presence of poor neighborhoods – the barrio. These are analogues of the Brazilian favelas, consisting of small buildings that are chaotically located on the outskirts of large cities. They are created from the cheapest building materials and look rather unpresentable. The streets here are often without a hard surface, do not differ straight, and finding the right house can be very difficult sometimes.
A small street in Mexico City.
In prosperous areas, everything looks much more respectable. But because of the warm for the most part of the year, there is no heating in most houses. But the various security systems, high fences with barbed wire and other precautions against the excessive curiosity of less prosperous neighbors, on the contrary, are widespread. Even schools sometimes look like small fortresses.
Salaries and prices.
The cost of living in Mexico, as, indeed, practically in any developing country is still quite low, especially if compared with such economic giants as the nearest neighbor – the US – or the countries of Western Europe. However, if the rapid growth of the economy continues, it will soon be possible to talk about Mexico as a fairly rich country. But while talking about a significant rise in the cost of living here early.
The average salary in Mexico is about 1000 US dollars. However, in the province many people agree to work for half of this amount. And given that in traditional families, as a rule, only the husband works, then one member of the family does not have much. However, women in recent years, too, began to work on a par with men, especially in the capital, but in remote areas from Mexico such as yet.
The low level of income determines the rather modest purchasing power of Mexicans. Therefore, prices for food, fuel and lubricants, utilities, etc. will seem very modest compared with those in Europe or America. Even if we talk about such expensive services as medical or restaurant, their cost is also low.
A detailed video review of life in Mexico.
Retirement or permanent residence in Mexico.
Low prices, a favorable climate and an acceptable level of social security and medical care make Mexico one of the countries that pensioners choose.
Mexican pensioners are dancing on holiday.
First of all, of course, from the US and Canada, but recently there has been an influx of expats from other countries. Consider this option and the Russians.
The population of Mexico consists mainly of Metis, descendants of mixed marriages of indigenous people and Spaniards. Their attitude to Americans and Europeans today is quite friendly. But nevertheless, the settlers prefer to settle fairly compactly and are isolated from local neighbors. Therefore, it is often possible to meet areas that are more like the central part of the United States.
The area where there is a large community of natives of North America is Chapala Lake in the central part of the country. Several villages around this pond speak English and lead a familiar way of life. There are even own newspapers, not to mention shops and cafes.
The acquisition of property for foreigners in Mexico is free. The purchase or rental of housing in the country will be relatively cheap. But it all depends on the region. Capital property can be more than twice as expensive compared to that in remote parts of the country, even on the coast. Recently, the town of Campeche on the Yucatan Peninsula enjoys popularity. Modern or restored old houses here are sold quite cheaply.
In addition to inexpensive real estate, foreign pensioners with residence permits receive quite a few advantages.
This, for example, is medical insurance at the state expense.
A special pensioner card allows you to receive significant discounts on various purchases, from air tickets to tickets for concerts. There are benefits and tax on real estate.
Medical care, even provided by state insurance, is of a high standard. Doctors are usually trained abroad, in the US or Europe. Private hospitals are equipped with modern appliances. At least one high-class institution is available in every city. The cost of insurance includes not only a doctor’s appointment, but also payment for the medicines prescribed by him.
All this allows pensioners to live in modern homes with all amenities and enjoy a mild warm climate. The pension, accrued to them in most developed countries, makes it possible to lead a rather active lifestyle. Means are spent not only on inexpensive food, but also on travel around the country or the world.
An interesting video about the journey through Mexico of the famous Russian singer.
In Mexico – for higher education.
Despite the recent attitude towards Mexico as a rather poor country, training in its universities and colleges is considered quite prestigious. In the top list of the best universities in Latin America, which include about 300 institutions, about fifty Mexican. By the number of higher education institutions, Mexico is second only to Brazil.
The system of higher education implies obtaining bachelor’s degrees (or, more accurately, a licentiate), a master’s degree and a doctor of science. The learning process is divided into semesters common to all. There are both public and private universities and colleges. Their programs are similar, but there are a number of non-essential differences. So, there are two different areas of training: professional and research.
Foreign students can apply for studies in Mexican universities on the same grounds as local applicants. But it is necessary to pass the language exam. Classes are usually in Spanish. But the trends of recent years have led to the appearance of courses in English. Getting education in Mexico for foreigners has now become easier.
Those who are going to study in Mexico, will have to issue the appropriate permission to stay in the country – a student visa. In order to receive it, you will have to prove the seriousness of the intentions, namely, to enter a university that is accredited.
And if the future student has a place on a certain course, sufficient for living in the country the amount of money, then subject to payment of a special fee, a visa will be granted.
But to earn money while studying in Mexico, foreign students are unlikely to succeed. A student visa does not give such a right. But imposes the duty within a month to pass in a special institution registration as a foreign citizen.
The standard of living in Mexico.