# The population of China.

The population of China.

The counter of the population of China.

Source: Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations: Population Division.

The population of China 2017.

Here are the main demographic indicators of China for 2017:

Births: 17,225,864 people Deceased: 9,694,749 people Natural increase in population: 7,531,114 people Migration growth: -374,475 Men: 723,793,080 people (estimated as of December 31, 2017) Women: 670,309,116 people ( estimated at December 31, 2017)

The population of China in 2018.

In 2018, the population of China will increase by 7,193,567 people and at the end of the year will be 1,401,295,763 people. The natural increase in the population will be positive and will amount to 7 569 975 people. For the whole year, approximately 17 314 749 children will be born and 9 744 774 people will die. If the level of external migration remains at the level of the previous year, then, due to migration reasons, the population will change by -376,408 people. That is, the total number of people leaving the country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people entering the country for long-term stay (immigrants).

Dynamics of changes in the population of China in 2018.

Below are the coefficients of population change in China, calculated by us for 2018:

Fertility: an average of 47,438 children per day (1,976.57 per hour) Mortality: an average of 26,698 people per day (1,112.42 per hour) Migratory population growth: an average of -1 031 people per day (-42.97 per hour) Growth rate the population of China in 2018 will be 19 708 people a day.

Population increase 1952 – 2018.

Density of the population of China.

According to the Statistics Department of the United Nations, the total area of China is 9,598,089 square kilometers.

The total area means the land area and the area of all water surfaces of the state within the international borders. The population density is considered as the ratio of the total population living in the given territory to the total area of this territory. According to our calculations, at the beginning of 2018 the population of China was approximately 1,394,102,196 people.

Thus, the density of the population of China is 145.2 people per square kilometer.

Distribution of the population by age groups.

According to our calculations, as of early 2018, the population of China had the following distribution by age:

In absolute terms:

245 194 694 persons under the age of 15 (men: 132 077 242 / women: 113 117 452) 1 025 487 634 people over the age of 14 and under the age of 65 (men: 527 026 394 / women: 498 475 181) 123 419 867 people over 64 years (men: 59,263,284 / women: 64,156,583)

We have prepared a simplified model of the age-and-sex pyramid, in which only three age groups are presented, the data of which were given above:

Note: The scale of the pyramid differs from the absolute values given above, because each age group contains a different number of years.

As we can see, China’s age pyramid has a regressive or decreasing type. This type of pyramid is usually found in highly developed countries. In such countries, usually a high level of health care, as well as the level of education of citizens. Due to the relatively low mortality and fertility, the population has a high life expectancy. All these factors, along with many others, lead to an aging population (increase the average age of the population).

Source: The data of this section are based on the latest publications of the United Nations Department of Statistics in the field of demographic and social statistics.

Demographic load factor.

The coefficient of demographic load shows the burden on society and the economy on the part of the population not related to the able-bodied population (dependent part of the population). By the population not related to the able-bodied population is understood the sum of the population under 15 years old and the population over 64 years old. The age of the working-age population (the productive part of the population) is, respectively, between 15 and 65 years.

This ratio directly reflects the financial implications for social policy in the state. For example, if this coefficient is to be increased, the expenses for building educational institutions, social protection, health care, payment of pensions, etc. should be increased.

Total load factor.

The general factor of the demographic burden is calculated as the ratio of the dependent part of the population to the able-bodied or productive part of the population.

For China, the total demographic load factor is 35.9%.

The value of 35.9% is relatively low. It shows that the number of the able-bodied population is more than twice the number of people of incapable working age. This attitude creates a relatively low social burden for society.

Coefficient of potential substitution.

The coefficient of potential substitution (coefficient of child load) is calculated as the ratio of the population below the working age to the number of able-bodied population.

The coefficient of potential substitution for China is 23.9%.

The coefficient of pension load.

The coefficient of pension load is calculated as the ratio of the population above the working age to the number of able-bodied population.

The pension load factor in China is 12%.

Source: The data of this section are based on the latest publications of the United Nations Department of Statistics in the field of demographic and social statistics.

Life Expectancy.

Life expectancy is one of the most important demographic indicators. It shows the average number of years of the person’s future life. That is, the number of years that a person can theoretically live, provided that the current birth and death rates remain unchanged throughout the life of a person. As a rule, by “expected life expectancy” is understood the expected life expectancy at birth, that is, at the age of 0 years.

The average life expectancy at birth (for both sexes) in China is 74.7 years (years).

This is higher than the average life expectancy in the world, which is around 71 years (according to the Population Division of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs).

The average life expectancy of men at birth is 72.7 years (years).

The average life expectancy of women at birth is 76.9 years (years).

Literacy of the population.

According to our calculations in China, about 1,107,123,342 people over the age of 15 can read and write in any language. This makes up 96.36% of the total adult population. By adult population in this case means all people over 15 years. Accordingly, about 41,798,100 people are still illiterate.

The literacy rate among the adult male population is 98.17% (575,548,851 people).

10 740 827 people are illiterate.

The literacy rate among the female adult population is 94.48% (531,574,491 people).

31,057,273 people are illiterate.

The literacy rate among the youth is 99.74% and 99.71% for men and women respectively. The overall literacy rate among the youth is 99.73%. The concept of youth in this case covers the population aged 15 to 24 years inclusive.

Source: Data for the “Literacy of the Chinese Population” section is based on the latest data published by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics (data were taken on March 13, 2016).

The history of the population of China (1951 – 2018)

Data are shown on January 1 of the corresponding year.

History of the population of China.

All data in this table are given on January 1 of the corresponding year.