Social benefits in Germany.
The social allowance or social assistance, however it is called, is the state financial support of people who, for one reason or another, have found themselves without means of subsistence. The attitude to such people in the society is ambiguous. Socialists themselves believe that society is obliged to help them at the expense of those who are “lucky” in life. And those who are “lucky,” sincerely believe that they pay too much taxes to feed those who do not want to work. The amount of social benefits varies from country to country.
I think you know that in Russia or Ukraine you can not live with the money of social benefits, under any circumstances. In this sense, the countries of the former Union remain at a low level so far. In Europe, the money paid as a social benefit, you can stretch, but let’s think about what it is for money. And how does the person who finds himself in this situation feel?
In Germany (I will write about Germany, since I live here), a person who lost his job receives a shortage of unemployment benefits (in the legal sense, it is not social assistance), the amount of which is calculated from the former gross salary and insurance premiums. If during this period the work has not been found, then another law comes into force – and the person passes to the rank of those same “social workers”.
The amount of social assistance (Hartz 4) in Germany is calculated by special tables, and is not a secret to anyone. The state pays 359 Euros for an adult person, 287 Euros for children of 14-17 years old, and 251 Euro for children from 6 to 13 years old. These amounts already include payment for the phone, Internet, light, hairdresser, clothes and food (!). In addition, the state pays for an expatriate social worker’s apartment (usually, this money is transferred directly to the landlord, bypassing the bank account of the person himself). Apartment – not just any, but only one that, at a price and square meters, “fits” into the maximum permissible social framework – can offer to move to a bad (cheap) area of the city. There are certain discounts for medicines, legal aid and other “benefits”. The car is not allowed to such emigrants, it is also impossible to move to another city.
A person living in the CIS, such figures can be misleading. They are quite decent for the average resident of Russia or Ukraine. And indeed: there is nothing like this in the CIS. But do not jump to conclusions – let’s understand further.
The cost of living per person in Germany is about 900 euros. How, you ask, you can then live for 359 Euros? Answer: only due to the fact that the state pays for housing! And this is most of the costs in Germany. To survive, of course, you can! And so, actually, there lives (even working!) The overwhelming majority of Russians and Ukrainians. To work on “eating” and “paying off bills” is a “normal” standard for the CIS. It is social protection (not only, of course, but mostly) and pushes our compatriots to seek their happiness in emigration. But … do not rush to conclusions!
Now, I would like to touch on the psychological compound and unpleasant side of such assistance. Social benefits are not given for nothing! The candidate needs to prove that state support is the only opportunity for a person to SURVIVE. First, if you have an expensive car or other material assets, they will be offered to sell and live for a while, with this money. Secondly, it is necessary to prove “the only opportunity” more than once, and every month, when receiving social benefits. At least once a month, and even more often, the Employment Office calls “on the carpet” and requires you to provide copies of the CVs sent to potential employers as proof of efforts in finding a job.
After several months of proven vain attempts to find a job, the Office itself offers a job, but it is already unskilled. Or, even worse – social! Social work is a monotonous and, in fact, unnecessary (even to the state itself) work for 1 (!) Euros per hour (Ein Euro Job). You do not want? You can refuse! But then you will be cut off the amount of help! And they will cut back a few more times, until you can not make ends meet at all! Gone are the days when social workers in Germany sat at home by the TV and enjoyed life! The law on social support is still there – nobody canceled it. But the conditions for obtaining it were sharply tightened. You are constantly being told that it is necessary to urgently do something, that you are in this society – an “undesirable element”, are pushed in the back and forced to work out these pennies in social work. And if for the elderly there are certain indulgences, then for the young people – without options, it is difficult. That is, now social assistance does not get easy like that. It needs to work! Physically and psychologically!
Recipients of social benefits, as you understand, are divided into those who are struggling to break out of this situation and those who have become a “diagnosis”. Having lived a decent time in Germany, learned a large number of people who do not work and do not intend to work, even if they cut the social allowance tripled! One day, I had to communicate with a fully able-bodied middle-aged emigrant. Pleasant, by the way, the man was (name, for obvious reasons, I will not write). But when I asked why you did not work, I received an unexpected answer: “Yes, they (” the Germans “, my note) are obliged to us on the coffin, mocked us, killed … Now, let the whole life be fed!”. How do you like that? Is not it insolence. Therefore, the attitude towards Russian immigrants in Germany, to put it mildly, is ambiguous!
Now a few of my observations from life. In Europe, high unemployment. In Germany, there are now 4.5 million officially unemployed. Unofficially, by various accounts, about 10 million. At the same time (a paradox!), In many specialties – an acute shortage of highly skilled personnel. These include, for example, physicians, engineers, programmers (the humanities here, unfortunately, do not apply). Germany invites these specialists from abroad and creates favorable conditions for them to enter and stay for them. Among our emigrants (for Germans they are immigrants) many people with such specialties, but the problem is that their diplomas are not confirmed, and the level of knowledge of German (English) is very weak. If we are talking about work for hire, then the young people have all the opportunities to choose one of the sought after specialties, to obtain a German diploma and, within several months, to find a decent job. Notice, work for hire.
What do those emigrants who do not have such specialties, or because of their age can no longer confirm it? Variants, from my point of view, three. The first: to find “terrestrial” physical or unskilled work. Unfortunately, it will be hard and low-paid, but will allow you to pay bills and once a year to go on vacation. The second: to humiliate, get social and practicing in social work (imitating socially useful work). And, at last, the third: to look narrowly at entrepreneurship. It’s not so scary, as it seems at first glance!
And what do you think about this?
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Social benefits in Germany.