October 14 – Night of the Hijra, the memory of the relocation of the Prophet Muhammad from Mecca to Medina.

October 14 – Night of the Hijra, the memory of the relocation of the Prophet Muhammad from Mecca to Medina.

October 14 – Night of the Hijra, the memory of the relocation of the Prophet Muhammad from Mecca to Medina.
The night of the Hijra is one of the greatest Muslim holidays. It is installed in memory of the relocation of the Prophet Muhammad from Mecca to Medina for the 13th year of his sermon.
At that time the adherents of Islam in Mecca were strongly oppressed, and the believers themselves asked the prophet to move to other places where one can freely live, pray and preach. He did not mind, and pointed to the city of Yasrib (the current city of the prophet – Medina), where Jews and Arabs, who were always at war, were living, who hoped that the appearance of a prophet next to them would put an end to their quarrels, and the long-awaited peace would come.
The first Muslims moved in secret, they went on the road at night, taking with them only the most necessary things. In Mecca, only Mohammed himself remained, his father-in-law Abu Bakr, the first caliph and several people, to whom the transition was beyond his power. For four months they waited, while in Medina a community of Muslims and the brotherhood of the Muhajirs-settlers were created.
Meanwhile, the enemies of the prophet in Mecca plotted. They wanted to kill him. But, according to legend, Allah revealed to Mohammed their evil intentions and ordered the Hijra on the same night. Enemies rushed in pursuit, and the prophet had to hide from them for three days in one of the caves not far from Mecca. Not finding the fugitive, the persecutors returned to the city and announced a reward for his capture, which hunted the hunter Surak. But when he almost overtook the prophet, his horse suddenly began to sink in the sand, as in water. The hunter begged for mercy and, by the prayer of Muhammad, was released from the sand trap, and, astonished by this miracle, believed in Allah.
And the prophet and Abu Bakr reached Medina, where they met cheerful coreligionists. Since that time, Islam began to spread throughout the Arabian Peninsula, and the night of the release of Muhammad from Mecca (on the first day of the holy month of Muharram) marked the beginning of a new calendar – the lunar Muslim calendar, according to which the Muslim world still lives.


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