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Secondary education in France.
In connection with the entry of France into the European Union and the signing of the Bologna agreement, education in France is brought into line with the all-European norms. The education system in France involves 13 years of study. Boys and girls study together, there are practically no separate schools in France. The school year consists of three trimesters.
The education system in France.
At six years old, the child goes to primary school, where he studies for five years. Elementary school consists of five classes. The first class is considered a preparatory CP (Cours preparatoire). Elementary classes First level (elementary) Cours elementaire CE1 and CE2, Primary classes Second step (average) Cours moyen CM1 and CM2.
After the elementary school, the French enter the college at the age of 11, which is considered the first stage of secondary education. Studying in college lasts four years, and classes are counted in reverse order – from sixth to third: the student enters the sixth grade, after four years he completes the third. Education in the college is divided into three cycles:
The first cycle is adaptive (sixth grade). Helps the child to adapt to new methods of teaching and new subjects (this is mathematics, French, history, etc.)
The second cycle is central (fifth and fourth grades). Dedicated to mastering the main program of secondary school. At this time, physics, chemistry, Latin and the second foreign language are added to the subjects studied earlier.
The third cycle is orientational (third class). The student chooses his specialization, thus determining his future (at 15 years!). Of course, we do not mean a narrow specialization (which is obtained at the university), but the general direction is humanitarian or technical.
Lyceum (lycee) – the final link in the system of secondary education and at the same time a transition to higher education in France. The lyceum of the general (general) or technological (technologique) directions prepares within 3 years to the exam for the bachelor’s degree.
Lyceums in France come in the following forms:
1. Professional lyceums-schools (lycee professionnel) LEP (analogue of our vocational schools) prepare students for 2 years to a professional diploma;
2. Centers for training apprentices (CFA) Graduates receive a CAP (certificate of professional training), issued to students who have mastered a particular profession;
3. General education (general) are divided into socio-economic (BAC-ES), natural-science (BAC-S) and philological (BAC-L). Graduates receive BEP (certificate of general vocational education), which prepares to work in a certain field of activity, for example, in the hotel industry, transport, etc .;
4. Technological (technologique) / They are divided into service (STT), scientific-industrial (STI), laboratory-research (STL) and medical-social (SMS);
After the first class, students pass a test in French, the assessment for which is taken into account when passing the exam for a bachelor’s degree. “Terminal” or the last class of the Lyceum ends with the passing of the exam for a bachelor’s degree. “Buck”, as it is briefly called the French, is not a diploma, but it is of great importance, since this is the examination that further leads to higher education in France.
French private schools are practically the only opportunity to enter the French State University directly, without spending 1-2 years to study at a domestic university and without spending time to confirm diplomas.
Another opportunity to graduate from school in France is to enroll in the International Baccalaureate program. Training on it can be conducted in both French and English. But in the latter case, for admission to the French university you will have to take the exam for knowledge of French as a foreign language – DALF.
The program at the public school in France is an opportunity to learn French and live in this beautiful country. Education in the public school of France is possible from the age of 15 and is conducted for one year, after which the child continues to study at a domestic school or university.
The degree of proficiency in French for study in France must be high. In this regard, foreign students are offered preparatory language programs of varying duration and intensity.
If you do not live permanently in France, but want your child to study in this country, not every school is open to you.
Foreign students are primarily taken by private boarding schools (this is common practice for most countries), and besides them, five more state lyceums. This is a huge advantage of France over many other European countries, where public schools accept foreign children only through the exchange programs “Academic Year Abroad” (except perhaps Ireland and the Czech Republic).
French public schools accept foreigners in the upper grades (the level of the lyceum), private – from any level. The main plus of public schools is free education, and private – a quality and versatile education. However, French state lyceums accepting foreigners are not at all bad.
in the state lyceum.
To enter the state lyceum, a foreigner must first send a motivation letter. In it – to explain why he chose to study France in general and this institution in particular.
If the candidate’s motivation is arranged by the school administration, he will be summoned for an interview. Then there are complex selection tests on French and profile subjects. And only if all the stages are passed successfully, the applicant is credited to the Lyceum.
Studying in the state lyceum is free, however, you will have to pay for accommodation, meals and textbooks.
to a private school.
To enroll in a private school, in most cases it is enough to fill out a questionnaire, provide a report card translated into French and certified in your school with grades, characteristics from a class teacher or director. Some schools arrange entrance examinations (depending on which class a child enters), others are limited to a simple interview. Many private schools do not require a foreign child to have an excellent knowledge of French, promising to teach on the spot.
A professional educational institution in France is called the second stage of secondary school. For a person who does not aim to get a higher education, there is a suitable way – lyceum of vocational education. For 2-3 years of study here you can get a working specialty. After passing the final examination, students, as a rule, go to work for the enterprises of industry or services.
In France, there is no strict boundary between secondary special and higher education: the first serves as a step for the second.
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