How to leave as a refugee to Belgium h1>
refugee status, Belgium.
As I later found out, I was lucky, too. most of the applicants for refugee falls into refugee camps like “Koppelen”, with tiny cash payments of 350BEF per week for pocket expenses, which is about 35EUR per month. Thus, people can be kept in them from 4 to 8 months. And only after that, at best, they fall on the “social” with the further expectation of their fate, in the worst case – they are deported.
About 3 months later I received a questionnaire from the commissariat consisting of 30 questions concerning my biography, which I filled out and sent back.
Five months after my arrival, I went to a second interview. It lasted about an hour, although some reached two. I was asked the following questions:
1) The road. – Here I decided to tell the truth, (many stories about travel in trailers were failing) that I flew to Germany, after which I was immediately transported to Belgium.
2) Why Belgium, and not Germany? – I changed my mind about applying for asylum in Germany. I heard that people from Germany do not like immigrants from the CIS, and at the same time Belgium in this regard is a more democratic country. At the same time in Germany, I did not have time to surrender.
3) Did anyone help me and how much did it cost?
– Yes, people who do this help, got acquainted with a certain Alexei in Tashkent through an ad in a newspaper that for a fee of $ 1500 agreed to help me get into a democratic country;
4) What are you going to do if you stay in Belgium?
– I will try to make maximum efforts for integration into the Belgian society;
5) What will you do if we refuse you?
“If this happens, I will not have anything left to do, how to return, although it’s risky for me;
6) The remaining questions were about my personal history and autobiography.
The commissioners also made all copies of my documents and told me to wait for the result. A week later I received a reply in the mail, which stated that I was refused my application for refugee status. They specifically wrote me the following:
1. We consider that you did not give any serious arguments suitable to the items of the Geneva Convention.
2. This is your subjective feelings without proof.
3. You can not show evidence that you are being persecuted because you are Russian.
4. We believe that if the case is closed, then there are no arguments to its conduct and it is not clear why the detractors want my departure ..
Because Naturally, I did not agree with the decision of the “Commissariat”, I appealed within 3 days. What I did myself in English, because I knew him well besides Russian. I wrote the following: “Dear Sirs, I believe that you have not carefully studied my case and objectively reacted to my history, I ask you to give me another chance to prove to you the truthfulness of my history.”
After that, in a week’s time, I received a response from the “Commissariat”, which stated that my appeal was accepted and the date of the next interview will be reported to me in the next three months.
From the experienced refugees, I managed to find out that the interview dates can be postponed all the time and this period of waiting for the second interview can last up to 2-3 years. If the first interview is “negative”, the second “positive”, necessarily give a third interview, decisive. Together with the third interview, the period of stay in Belgium can be up to 5 years. In the last interview, in addition, the degree of integration of the applicant into the Belgian society (language, desire to work with further refusal of benefits, education of children …) is also checked. In short, the applicant, in addition to proving the truthfulness of his story, he must show the maximum level of adaptability to life in Belgium combined with trustworthiness. Depending on this, in the end, can give refugee status with all the ensuing benefits. However, in some cases the entire process takes place in a much shorter timeframe from 2 months to 1.5 years. For example, before my eyes there was a case when one woman from Novosibirsk received refugee status (as leader of a persecuted party) for the second month of her stay in Belgium. Also quickly, within 2-3 months, the fate of representatives of persecuted religious movements from Russia was decided, they were refused with the order to leave Belgium in the near future.
For most of our compatriots, the process of long waiting for their fate terribly gets on your nerves, especially after the first refusal. Many do not stand up and leave, although they have very strong documents and a well-written legend. So it happened to me.
Having ascertained from local lawyers that the real possibility of reunification with my family exists only after I have obtained refugee status, i.e. in the best case of the year after 2-3, or they themselves must come and ask for asylum individually. But at that time it was impossible to do it (women with children were not allowed to leave), and if illegally, it is very risky. Also, having learned that the situation in Kyrgyzstan is getting worse, I could not afford to leave them there in a dangerous situation. I exhausted all options to get my family to Belgium and decided to return. To this end, there are different organizations in Belgium cooperating with the international organization “International Organization of Migration” (IOM). I addressed one of such organizations. It was called “Caritas Catolica”.
In order to start the procedure of check-out, I had to present my Uzbek passport, which I did. After some formalities, my file was closed, I was allocated an amount of 10.000BEF (about 250 EUR) as a first aid and free ticket to Moscow.
Thus, I lived in Belgium for 10 months. June 11, 2000. I left her.
I decided to choose the lesser of two evils and transport my family, including the elderly, closer to Moscow. We urgently sold three good 3-room apartments in Tashkent and barely scraped together a 3-room apartment in a new building in 25 km. south of Moscow.
Thus, we all moved to the suburbs, with difficulty received citizenship and registered. But life from this sweeter did not become. All of us have faced a cold callousness, unfriendliness, hostility towards migrants from Uzbekistan. You can often hear such phrases: “come in here” or “go to your Uzbekistan”. And over the non-Russian name of our daughter the children in the “kindergarten” are already laughing, inclined to him in different ways. Naturally, after such an attitude, there is again a desire to return to a prosperous Europe.
Text edition: Sergey Denver, Quito, Ecuador. Material is copyright, reprint is prohibited.