Germany economic emigration

Germany economic emigration

Germany economic emigration h1>
March 21 – April 3, 2016.
Immigration to Germany in time and space.
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For citing: Savoskul M.S. Why migrant migrant is not always a friend, comrade and brother? Article One // Demoscope Weekly. 2016. No. 679-680. URL: http://demoscope.ru/weekly/
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Immigration to Germany in time and space.
According to the annual migration report of the Federal Republic of Germany, Germany is among the five most attractive migrants in Europe (Figure 7), leading in 10 years for external migration. According to the balance of migration for 10 years in the first places are: Italy (3281 thousand people); Spain (2560 thousand people); United Kingdom (1959 thousand people). Germany takes the fourth place – 1410 thousand people.
Figure 7. Immigration and emigration in Europe for 2004-2013, thousand people.
Source: Migrationbericht 2014. S 21. www.bamf.de. The date of circulation on March 19, 2016.
How to take into account foreigners in Germany. In the statistics of Germany there is a category of “person with migratory past” (Personen mit Migrationshintergrund), which is much wider than the category “foreigners” (Ausl & # 228; nder) [14]. Persons with a migration background include all those who after 1949 entered the territory of modern Germany, all foreigners born in Germany, as well as German citizens born in families where at least one of the parents is a foreigner or arrived in Germany. Thus, the category of persons with a migratory past includes foreigners, late settlers (Sp. Taussiedler), that is, ethnic Germans entering Germany, and German citizens with a migration background. According to the micro-census of Germany in 2012, about 16 million people in the country are people with a migration background, of which 7.6 million are foreigners. As the main source of accounting for foreigners in Germany, the central register of foreigners (Ausl & ndezentralregister – AZR) is used. Here and below, unless otherwise indicated, the AZR data is given.
German terminology and legal terminology for ethnic Germans returning from the CIS countries and the Baltic States, Poland and Romania to Germany and receiving special legal status use the term “late settlers”, this group, as well as family members late settlers are counted as a separate migration category.
From where and for how long do they come to Germany? The active influx of migrants to West Germany begins in the second half of the twentieth century, after the Second World War. In the first decade after 1945, refugees returned to Germany, ethnic Germans from other countries came. In the 1960s and 1980s Germany began to attract labor migrants from Turkey and countries of southern Europe.
In the late 1980s, a significant number of ethnic Germans from Poland and Romania entered Germany. The active flow from the countries of Eastern Europe begins after 1991, during the same period, Russian Germans and Jews enter the country from Germany to Germany, as described in more detail below. Gradually, the share of foreigners in the population of Germany is approaching 10% (figure 8).
Figure 8. The number and proportion of foreigners in Germany.
Source: Migrationbericht 2014. www.bamf.de. Date of circulation 15.03.2016.
As a result, in Germany during the postwar period, large groups of migrants from Turkey, Poland, and Italy are formed (Figure 9). The total share of foreigners in the country grew steadily and by 2014 was more than 9%. Over half of foreigners from Turkey, Italy, Croatia live in Germany for more than 25 years (Figure 10), while more than 50% of migrants from Eastern Europe – less than 10 years.
Figure 9. Immigrants in Germany by country of exit.
Source: www.destatis.de; Migrationbericht 2014. www.bamf.de. The date of circulation on March 19, 2016.
Figure 10. Immigrants in Germany by country of exit and length of stay in the country, at the end of 2014, in% [15]
Source: Migrationbericht 2014. www.bamf.de. The date of circulation on March 19, 2016.
The Central Register of Foreigners at the end of 2014 recorded the following distribution of foreigners across the lands of Germany (Figure 11). More than a quarter of all foreigners in Germany live in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia (2,074,000 people), 17.4% of foreigners are in Bavaria (1,419,000), 17.2% in Baden-Wurttemberg (1,404,000) .
Figure 11. Distribution of foreigners by the lands of Germany at the end of 2014, thousand people.
Source: Migrationbericht 2014. www.bamf.de. The date of circulation on March 19, 2016.
Among the largest cities in Germany, about 0.5 million foreigners live in Berlin and Hamburg – more than 260 thousand people. The settlement of foreigners by administrative units of Germany is shown in Fig. 12-14, they are concentrated in the major economic centers of Germany. The exception is the citizens of Poland, who, in addition, are settled along the border with Poland.
Figure 12. The share of foreigners in the population of cities of regional subordination (kreisfreien St & # dent) and administrative districts (Landkreisen) and West Germany as of 31.12.2013.
Source: Minas. Atlas & ber Migration, Integration and Asyl. 6 Aulage. 2014. S. 17 www.bamf.de. Date of circulation 17.03.2016.
Figure 13. The structure of foreigners residing in Germany for the main countries of access to the Federal Lands as of March 31, 2015.
Source: Das Bundes Amt in Zahlen 2014. Asyl, Migration und Integration. S. 110. www.bamf.de. The date of circulation on March 19, 2016.
Figure 14. Resettlement of major groups of foreigners in Germany,


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