Emigration to Iceland.
If there was an official list of the most economically stable countries, then in its first lines there was an island state like Iceland, immigration to this country is not the most common phenomenon. The northern climate and remoteness of the island from the mainland deter the settlers. His role in this was played by the mentality of local residents who did not welcome mixed marriages. Despite the fact that moving to the island of Iceland is not popular, emigration from Russia there still occurs. The main reasons for this are a high standard of living and broad prospects for development on its territory. This country can rightfully be called a successful world power, so the number of people wishing to live in Iceland is growing every year. The main industries in which it excels are fishing, tourism and the processing industry.
Ways of migration.
How to move to this northern power? The main options for resettlement for permanent residence are:
business development on its territory; official employment; higher education; acquisition of real estate; marriage with the Icelandic / Icelandic or family reunification (if the parents lived here and the children move to them or vice versa).
This is how the Icelandic ID card looks.
Immigration to Iceland for the purpose of doing business has a number of limitations. There are areas in which foreigners are prohibited from developing their own business:
Fishing in territorial waters of the state; Consumption of natural energy resources; Business associated with airlines – the participation of foreigners here should not exceed 49%.
Before starting your own business, you need to contact the Icelandic Ministry of Commerce to obtain the necessary authorization. Register businesses can be with any form of ownership, choosing the one that is more suitable for paying taxes. Their level varies depending on the form of doing business. A foreign businessman is on the territory of the state on the basis of a multivisa.
A major role in official employment is the belonging of a foreign immigrant to the European Union. To them, demands from employers are more loyal. For those who decided to move here from Russia or from Ukraine, first of all it is necessary to draw up a labor agreement. Since Russia and Ukraine are not members of the European Union, in addition to the agreement it is necessary to obtain admission to work. The process of considering the application for employment takes about 90 days. Vacant places are few, in order to get a job, you need to be a highly qualified specialist in any field. The second factor is the knowledge of Icelandic or English. In the priority will be the applicant, who owns the local language.
Currently, seven higher educational institutions operate on the territory of the state, the most prestigious of which is the Icelandic University. In order to enter a university, you must fill out a special questionnaire and confirm your readiness for training. The approximate cost of the semester at the university in 2018 is about 400 euros.
The building of the Icelandic University.
Once the application for admission has been approved, it is necessary to send a package of documents to the Immigration Bureau for the registration of a residence permit and a Schengen visa. Scholarships in Icelandic institutions are not provided for, they are replaced by a system of grants. Study in Iceland consists of three levels – bachelor’s, master’s and postgraduate courses. The term of the bachelor’s training is 4 years.
Buying a home in this country is not a difficult process. Guarantees for residence permit does not, but it can significantly speed up the process. Foreign citizens even have the right to receive a loan for housing in Icelandic banks. All the formalities associated with the purchase of an apartment or house, for you is a realtor. He will need to pay a commission of 2% of the purchase price. The buyer only needs to sign the required signatures. Land is not sold to foreigners here. It can be rented, and after three years to apply for residence permit. The average cost per square meter is 1500 euros.
Acquisition of citizenship.
A tempting idea to get on this northern island of permanent residence, Iceland offers several ways for citizenship:
For a child, if both parents are citizens of the country. For a child born out of wedlock, if his father is an Icelander. After a permanent residence for 7 years.
The second paragraph provides for the establishment of paternity and residence of the father in the territory.
It is also possible: the application for citizenship was filed before the age of the child, but the place of his birth is not Iceland, emigration from Russia has very few cases of obtaining citizenship by our compatriots, but, nevertheless, they are. And for the most part, obtained through naturalization. To the temporary seven-year qualification, such mandatory conditions as the absence of previous convictions and other problems with the law, sufficient material prosperity are added.
Passport of a citizen of Iceland (sample)
To reduce the length of stay when applying for citizenship of Iceland, there are the following categories:
citizens of Scandinavia – their term is limited to four years; marriage with Icelandic or Icelandic – then it will take only three years; cohabitation with Icelandic or Icelandic – the term is increased to five years; former citizens of the country – they are only one year old; for persons recognized as refugees – five years.
It is worth noting that the Icelandic authorities are very receptive to refugees. Turning to the local Red Cross with a request for political or humanitarian asylum, in 99% of cases the foreigner receives a positive response. Waiting for a decision is about three months.
Migration to Iceland, as in any other country, is a very serious step. We need to weigh all the minuses and pluses before making such a decision. High standard of living, carefree pension, good ecology and unique nature are all the positive side of the island of Iceland. The resettlement from Russia to its territory is proceeding, albeit at a low pace.
Emigration to Iceland.