Emigration from Ukraine.
Emigration moods have been literally hovering in the air lately. This is felt after communication with our readers. And most of all, the desire for emigration from Ukraine is felt in the vastness of the global network – good, there is still no censorship.
On a theme “it is necessary to bring down” and “I already dumped” it is created many sites. Practical advice on emigration and adaptation abroad (starting with the problem of renting a home and ending with state courses on learning a foreign language) – those who finally decided (can) draw on forum.chemodan.ua (advice on all areas of the emigration issue), canada-ua.com (for those who are going to reunite with the largest Ukrainian diaspora), zagran.kiev.ua (just a lot of personal experience).
http: // papope. com / blog /? page_id = 25). On the same site you can read the stories of those who have already emigrated, or those who are just going to. The stories are different, but the idea is general. Here is the cry of the soul of a certain Ruslan, 28 years old:
“What’s around?” Paragraph. But it does not surprise me. It seems like the norm. Leaving the house and passing 20 meters to the car, I meet with 3-4 facts of human activities inadequate. Here is some bad person smoking in an elevator, in which I go nine floors. Here an SUV is parked on the sidewalk, it is necessary to bypass, but it turns out only through mud. In front comes homo sapiens, snarls, blows his nose to the sidewalk. Then it’s easier, I’m in the car. Hey, guys, where are you going to be red ?! And turn on turn? Where are you hurrying so? As in the war, daily reports of the deceased. Further work: everyone tries to deceive each other, while doing nothing better. I’d better not mention quality. Here’s the rescue – the state machine, everything works like a clock. spoiled. Education, medicine, courts, deputies, tax, favorite traffic police, MREO, what we have there. Products – this is impossible … But for me everything is clear and simple, and it is available. And I’m already a pro on the passage of these “quests”. Yes, I have everything OK so far. The person adapts. I’m sure that this is the main characteristic of survival. ”
The adoption of the new Tax Code was the last straw in the cup of blessings created by the new government. The wave of Ukrainian citizens, who were forced to say goodbye to Ukraine forever, poured in. The Ukrainian user of the LiveJournal network tells the Russian: “First they adopted the new Tax Code -” death to the average entrepreneur! “, Now they introduced the draft of the Pension and the new Labor. Tariffs from February 1 are introduced such that it will save only living in the period of daylight illumination. The rest of the time – luchina and burzhuyka. In the final version of the Tax Code for IT workers, the single tax rate is set at UAH 1,000. ”
By the way, recruitment experts believe that the Tax Code will most affect the change of residence of engineers, IT specialists (demand for which is still high abroad) and scientists. For a long time the network walked so called. “ITish Manifesto”, in which experts in this field came to the conclusion that the country is not interested in free thinking people – freelancers, entrepreneurs. And the head of the State Committee for Entrepreneurship of Ukraine Mikhail Brodsky described in his blog an alternative, including IT specialists: “Those who do not want to do business and pay taxes can go to the miners and the plant to the machine. Everywhere smart people are required. ”
Whether or not the fifth wave of emigration from Ukraine has taken place, we will for sure find out in 2014 – according to the results of the next population census of Ukraine.
According to the report of the International Organization for Migration, since 1990, the number of international migrants in the world as a whole has increased by almost 40 million people, and in the period from 2005 to 2010 – by 10.5 million people. At present, there are more than 214 million migrants in the world. Six out of every 10 migrants live in developed countries. By 2050, the number of international migrants will almost double and reach 405 million people.
Ukraine ranks 5th in the world among the countries with the largest number of emigrants. This was reported by the World Bank in its latest report “Migration and Remittances”. According to data for 2010, abroad there are 6.6 million Ukrainians who left in different years (this is almost 15% of the total number of the current population of the country). By the number of emigrants we are behind only Mexico (11.9 million), India (11.4 million), Russia and China (11.1 and 8.3 million respectively). Ukraine ranks 11th in terms of immigration. According to the MB for 2010, we registered 5.3 million foreigners. Most of all from Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan.
The best – where better.
According to the World Bank, we are losing not only potential laborers, but also graduates. Thus, 3.5% of the total number of Ukrainians with higher education work abroad. “Of course, first of all Ukrainians go to a foreign country in search of work,” said Igor Markov, head of ethnonational research at the Institute of Ethnology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. – They often leave to realize themselves creatively and professionally. Less often the cause of emigration is the unification of the family that has been scattered around the world. ” “Ukraine is one of the largest transit corridors,” the NASU explained. “Someone settles down, but most are moving to the West.” This is confirmed by the experts of the World Bank: the migration corridor “Ukraine-Russia” in the world takes the third place after “Mexico-USA” and “Russia-Ukraine”. In total, almost 3.6 million people left our country, and in the opposite direction – 3.7 million. The next most popular among the Ukrainians are Italy, the United States, Poland. “Of course, in the EU countries and in the US, you can earn more money than in Russia,” explains Markov. – But with Russia we have a visa-free regime. And there are no socio-psychological barriers – the Ukrainian is easier to integrate into Russian society than to the West. ”
Migration between peoples.
Despite the global economic crisis, the number of international migrants in the industrialized countries remains the highest in the history of mankind. Experts believe that the growth trend of migration flows will be partly related to the effects of climate change on the planet and the growing labor shortage in developed countries. This problem will also affect Ukraine.
The calculations show a colossal labor shortage by 2025, said Alexei Poznyak, head of the Department of Migration Studies at the Institute of Demography and Sociological Research of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. According to the expert-demographer, the most active outflow of labor abroad is observed in Transcarpathia. However, the highest rate of decline in the population is still not in the west, but in several central and northern regions.
“The Chernigov Region is especially worried. Behind it – Sumy, Kirovograd, Lugansk. According to the average forecast, if by 2025 Ukraine as a whole “decreases” by 5-7%, then the listed areas – by 18-20%. The threat of Ukrainian deserted territories, alas, is not a fiction or a horror story. Anyone who wants to live there will be able to live there, “Poznyak added. The expert believes that it is time for Ukraine to think about attracting migrants from Africa and South-East Asia.
The economic importance of emigration from Ukraine.
The Director General of the International Organization for Migration, William Lacey Swing, drew attention to the contribution of international migrants both to the development of their host countries and to the economies of countries of origin. At the same time, he expressed regret over violations of human rights of this category of the population. Many of the migrants, especially those who are illegal, are discriminated against and are victims of trafficking. According to the report, despite the economic turmoil in the world and rising unemployment, migrant remittances to their homeland are still a stable source of external financing. In 2009, migrants transferred $ 316 billion to their home countries in developing countries. The Ukrainian migrants transferred 5.3 billion rubles to their families this year – 2 million more than last year, when the crisis was raging. Interestingly, this is more than our annual income from grain exports ($ 4 billion). Moreover, most of the money came to Russia from Russia -1.25 billion, the United States and Poland – 545 and 450 million dollars, respectively. Zarobitschans say that it is still profitable to “plow” abroad.
Svetlana Fadeeva, Tatyana Rybalka, Lyudmila Yermolenko.
Tatyana Nikolaeva, political scientist, candidate of philosophical sciences, associate professor of the department of political science of ZNU:
– What, from your point of view, is the main motive for migration?
– Migration is a phenomenon known from antiquity. It is described already in the Bible (the exodus of the Jews led by Moses from Egypt). The subject of political and scientific analysis of migration began in the second half of the twentieth century. According to the UN, about 100 million immigrants live outside their homeland (data for the mid-90’s). The main reasons and motives for moving people to another country, to another geographical, cultural, social and ethnic space are:
– Political, religious and ethnic persecution (political and ethnic space has never been equal, and a sense of infringement, injustice and resentment often leads people to emigrate from their native country);
– wars, natural disasters, which have become quite frequent in recent times.
But the main reason is still the search for work and a better life. Unemployment is a sad companion of the economic history of mankind. A small salary is a sad companion of poor countries. The hope for an ideal life in America is a sad companion of modern youth. But no one has denied the well-known truth – it’s good where we do not exist.
– What actions should the government take in this situation?
– The answer is banal: the government should create additional jobs, conduct a sound economic policy that will be accompanied by a rise in wages, support entrepreneurship, which also creates jobs, and has a strong social policy. But only, like all the banal, it remains in words and does not come true. A particularly short-sighted policy of any government is the diversion of promising youth and highly professional cadres. This is called the intellectual denudation of the country. People with an acute mind and high professionalism are not appreciated in their own country and are easily “gifted” to other countries, foreign science, foreign industry and culture. Very sorry!
– How should one treat emigration?
– It is dual. On the one hand, the right to emigration, free movement, choice of place of residence is a democratic civilized right guaranteed by the Declaration of Human Rights adopted at the UN in 1948 and which no one has the right to violate or abolish. On the other hand, no one guarantees success to people who have decided to emigrate. And if emigration was unsuccessful – guilty, except emigrants themselves, no. On the third hand, emigrants, alas, often create problems in their host country. Their behavior, way of life can be negatively perceived by the native inhabitants of the country, which require their governments to limit immigration to their country. And, finally, it is noticed that emigration is in the overwhelming majority of cases minor in dramatic character. People are experiencing and experiencing nostalgia, at least for a certain period of time. Many do not get used to the new country and the new culture and are completely lost in it. Therefore, before deciding to take such a serious step, a person must weigh the pros and cons and make the right decision.
Labor migrants – Tigipko will soon fall to Ukraine.
Vice Prime Minister of Social Policy Sergei Tigipko predicts the growth of labor migration to Ukraine.
“In the near future, a year and a half, we will have another problem to grow – the problem of migration. People who will be looking for work will go to us, “he said.
journalists on Tuesday in Kiev, stressing that this trend is already noticeable today. “We already see today that Ukraine will be interested in such people, and we should think how to solve this problem,” Tigipko stressed.
The latest from Purse.
The editors may not share the views of the authors.
Any use of the site’s materials is a direct reference to the source!
Emigration from Ukraine.